Thu 01/14/2021 12:49 PM
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Relevant Documents:
Voluntary Petition
Press Release
First Day Declaration
Cash Collateral Motion
Store Closing Sales Motion
First Day Hearing Notice

Christopher & Banks is a women’s apparel and accessories retailer with 449 stores and a “substantial and growing” webstore
Calls the Covid-19 pandemic “the proverbial nail in the coffin” for the debtors, exacerbating pre-existing retail market woes
Seeks to sell e-commerce business while running going-out-of-business sales for its brick-and-mortar stores
Proposes to fund the case with consensual cash collateral use

Christopher & Banks, a Plymouth, Minn.-based women’s apparel and accessories retailer, filed chapter 11 petitions in the District of New Jersey late last night, Jan. 13. Determining that the sale of a traditional brick-and-mortar business is not possible under “current circumstances” but that its e-commerce business is an “attractive asset,” the company seeks to sell the e-commerce business while liquidating its traditional retail locations. The debtors engaged Hilco Merchant Resources (an affiliate of the debtors’ prepetition lenders ReStore Capital LLC and ALCC LLC) prepetition to liquidate inventory in their 449 retail stores. The case would be funded through the consensual use of cash collateral, which along with revenue from store closing sales the debtors project would be sufficient to support continued operations and reduce the amounts owed to the prepetition secured lenders through “structured paydowns.”

Continue reading for our Americas Middle Market team's analysis and case summary of the Christopher & Banks e-commerce sale and Request a Trial for access to our coverage of thousands of other stressed/distressed debt situations as well as access to the linked documents.

The debtors refer to a stalking horse in their first day declaration, saying they “believe and respectfully submit that a dual track process - that is, an orderly liquidation of their store inventory through GOB sales and a going concern sale of the eCommerce business to the Stalking Horse Bidder (or successful bidder) - maximizes the value of the Debtors’ assets and the recovery to creditors.” The first day pleadings and supporting documents make no other references to a stalking horse. The debtors say that they will file a bid procedures motion for the e-commerce business “shortly” after the petition date.

The company issued a press release saying that it expects to close a “significant portion, if not all,” of its brick-and-mortar stores. Christopher & Banks President and CEO Keri Jones says in the release that the decision to close stores and enter bankruptcy was driven by “financial distress resulting from the pandemic and its ongoing impact.”

Facing a series of defaults on various financial obligations, the debtors say that they are the latest victims of the “retail apocalypse” created first by customer migration away from brick-and-mortar stores and exacerbated more recently by the Covid-19 pandemic. Like Stage Stores asserts in its May 2020 first day declaration, Christopher Banks calls the Covid-19 pandemic its “proverbial nail in the coffin,” “following years of adverse market trends, including the shifting of sales from traditional brick-and-mortar retailers to online sellers, increased competition from big-box retailers, and changing consumer preferences.”

The first day hearing is set for tomorrow, Friday, Jan. 15, at 10 a.m. ET.

As of Dec. 31, 2020, the debtors’ balance sheet reflects consolidated assets of approximately $166 million in assets and consolidated liabilities of approximately $105 million. The company’s prepetition capital structure includes:

  • Secured debt:

    • Revolving loan (ReStore Capital LLC): No loans outstanding; $8.9 million of undrawn letters of credit.

    • Term loan (ALCC LLC - affiliate of ReStore and Hilco): $5.1 million.

    • Secured vendor financing program (ALCC LLC): $2.8 million (vendor program obligations are “Obligations” under the term loan).

  • Unsecured debt: $54 million (including trade/vendor debt and lease obligations, but as leases are rejected, debtors say the amount will “increase significantly”).

  • Equity: Since April 2019, Christopher & Banks Corp.’s common stock has been trading on the OTCQX, operated by OTC Markets Group, under the CBKC ticker after the New York Stock Exchange suspended trading. Marcellum Retail Opportunity Fund LP holds approximately 13.1% and Cleveland Capital LP holds approximately 6.1% of the common stock.

“Immediately before the petition date,” the prepetition ABL facility was assigned by Wells Fargo to ReStore. Pursuant to an intercreditor agreement, “the Prepetition ABL Lender possesses first-priority liens on the Prepetition Collateral, with the exception of certain ‘Term Priority Collateral,’ consisting of ‘Intellectual Property’ and proceeds thereof.”

The debtors provide the following chart including outstanding amounts and priorities of the prepetition loans:

The debtors also received a $10 million PPP loan in June 2020.

The debtors did not pay rent on their stores while closed due to Covid-19 and again suspended rental payments to landlords in November. The debtors say that shortly before the petition date, affiliates of Brookfield Properties Retail Inc. locked the debtors out of two Idaho stores but did not terminate the underlying leases.

The debtors are represented by Cole Schotz in Hackensack, N.J., as counsel, Dorsey & Whitney as special counsel, Berkeley Research Group as financial advisor, B. Riley Securities as investment banker and Hilco Merchant Resources as liquidator. Omni Agent Solutions is the claims agent. The case has been assigned to Judge Andrew B. Altenburg Jr. (case No. 21-10269).


Christopher & Banks is a national specialty retailer featuring exclusively designed, privately branded women’s apparel and accessories at a “good value.” The debtors operate 449 retail stores in 44 states as well as a “substantial and growing” webstore. The stores are primarily in shopping malls and retail centers in smaller to mid-sized cities and suburban areas, with a focus on markets with populations of less than 75,000 people. The debtors have 2,991 employees. For the company’s fiscal third quarter ended Oct. 31, the company had net sales of $72.9 million and suffered operating losses of $10.5 million.

The debtors’ stores consist of (i) 31 Christopher & Banks stores, offering merchandise assortments in women’s apparel and accessories for missy and petite; (ii) 28 C.J. Banks stores, offering merchandise assortments in similar women’s apparel and accessories for plus-size women; (iii) 314 Christopher & Banks Missy, Petite, Women stores; and (vi) 76 outlet stores.

Christopher & Banks utilizes a broad base of manufacturers primarily in Cambodia, China, Indonesia and Vietnam, along with “some” domestic manufacturing. For the fiscal year ended Feb. 1, 2020, the debtors’ 10 largest suppliers accounted for 66% of the merchandise they purchased. The debtors distribute most of their finished products from a distribution center in Plymouth, Minn.

Christopher & Banks hired B. Riley in November to commence a marketing process, leading to 40 executed confidentiality agreements but no parties interested in purchasing some or all of the brick-and-mortar stores.

The company’s corporate organizational structure follows:

The debtors' largest unsecured creditors are listed below:


10 Largest Unsecured Creditors
Creditor Location Claim Type Amount
Cache Valley Bank PPP
Logan, Utah PPP Loan $    10,000,000
Mengdi I.E. Co.
Jiaxing, China Vendor 2,618,537
Presslink Ltd. Macau, China Vendor 2,427,389
Bluprint Clothing Corp. Charlotte, N.C. Vendor 2,210,002
Simon Property Group Chicago Landlord 2,123,750 Inc. Dallas E-Commerce 1,247,000
Jiayi Garment Co. LTD
Hangzhou, China Vendor 1,154,946
GGP LP Chicago Landlord 1,031,166
Letys Fashion Design Chicago Vendor 989,718
Guota Huasheng
Industrial Co. LTD
Zhangjiagang, China Vendor 976,363

The case representatives are as follows:


Role Name Firm Location
Debtors' Counsel Michael D. Sirota Cole Schotz Hackensack, N.J.
Stuart Komrower
Felice R. Yudkin
Jacob S. Frumkin
Rebecca W. Hollander
Debtors' Special
N/A Dorsey
& Whitney
Debtors' Financial
Rob Shapiro Berkeley
Debtors' Investment
N/A B. Riley
Debtors' Liquidator Ian S. Fredericks Hilco
Counsel to ReStore
Capital, as Prepetition
ABL Lender
Kevin Simard Choate Hall
& Stewart
New York
Hampton Foushee
Co-Counsel to the
Prepetition Term
Loan Agent,
Secured Vendor
Program Agent
and the Debtors'
Steven E. Fox Riemer &
New York
Co-Counsel to the
Prepetition Term
Loan Agent,
Secured Vendor
Program Agent
and the Debtors'
Marcy McLaughlin Simth Troutman
Wilmington, Del.
U.S. Trustee Lauren Bielskie Office of the
U.S. Trustee
Newark, N.J.
Jeffrey M. Sponder
Debtors' Claims
Paul H. Deutch Omni Agent
Woodland Hills, Calif.

Cash Collateral Motion

The debtors request the use of cash collateral with the consent of their prepetition ABL and term loan lenders, proposing to use approximately $17.2 million of cash collateral on an interim basis during the first 30 days of these cases. The gross amount of $17.2 million is inclusive of a $5.2 million net amount that takes into account the generation of receipts per the budget.

The company proposes the following adequate protection to its prepetition lenders:

  • Payment of interest and letter of credit fees at the default rate and other fees and expenses for the ABL lenders, payment of default interest and fees on the term loan, and accrual of interest for the vendor agent;

  • Replacement liens for the ABL, term loan and vendor agent parties, including proceeds of avoidance actions subject to the final order;

  • The debtors would establish ABL and term loan indemnity account in the amount of $250,000 each upon entry of a final order;

  • Superpriority administrative expense claims for the ABL, term loan and secured vendor parties;

In addition, subject to the final order, the debtors propose a waiver of the estates’ right to seek to surcharge its collateral pursuant to Bankruptcy Code section 506(c) and the “equities of the case” exception under section 552(b).

The carve-out for professional fees is $500,000.

The proposed budget for the use of cash collateral is HERE.

The debtors submitted the declaration of Robert Shapiro, managing director at Berkeley Research Group, the debtors’ financial advisor, in support of the cash collateral motion.

The use of cash collateral is subject to the following milestones:

  • Interim approval of assumption of liquidation consulting agreement: Entered within three days of petition date;

  • Final approval of assumption of liquidation consulting agreement: Entered within 30 days of petition date;

  • Bid procedures motion: Filed within five days of petition date (satisfactory to prepetition lenders);

  • Bid deadline: Within 35 days of petition date;

  • Final bid procedures order: Entered within 20 days of petition date;

  • Final cash collateral order: Entered within 30 days of the petition date (satisfactory to prepetition lenders);

  • Auction: Within 37 days of petition date;

  • Sale order: Entered within 40 days of petition date;

  • Payment of ABL obligations in full: Feb. 13; and

  • Payment of term loan obligations in full: Feb. 26.

The lien challenge deadline is the earlier of 60 days from appointment of an official committee of unsecured creditors or 75 days from the petition date. The UCC lien investigation budget is $25,000.

Store Closing Sales Motion

The debtors seek to run store closing sales through Hilco, which began the sales on Jan. 7 and would conclude by Feb. 28. A list of stores is HERE. Hilco would be entitled to a fee of 1% of gross proceeds (the tier 1 fee), and may also be entitled to a tier 2 and tier 3 fee, as follows:

The agent would also earn a fee of 15% of gross proceeds of the sale of furniture, fixtures and equipment, and 5% of gross proceeds for additional goods. The debtors provided Hilco an advance expense payment of $250,000 and owe another advance payment of $300,000 upon entry of the interim order.

The debtors propose a store closing bonus plan for store-level non-insider employees in an aggregate amount of $639,000, assuming 100% of the eligible employees remain employed through the duration of the closing sales.

Other Motions

The debtors also filed various standard first day motions, including the following:

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